Rational Reconstruction in The Nature of Scientific Truth
Conventional wisdom suggests that scientific knowledge is objective and a proven truth. This paper challenges the conventional wisdom and argues that scientific knowledge offers only partial or relative truth. If we analyze some scientific phenomena such as theory-change and the unobservable entities assumed in science, we will find a different picture about the nature of scientific truth. Philosophers of science view these phenomena and seek to rationalize what is achieved by scientific discoveries: truth or something else. Looking at some such views we finally find that achievement of scientific enterprise is not absolute truth, but it is human truth - the truth which is relative to human conditions, be it intellectual or psychological.