Household Food Security Status of Farmers in Selected Areas of Phulpur Upazila Under Mymensingh District
The main purpose of the study was to determine the household food security status of farmers of the selected study area. Data were collected from a random sample of 104 farm family heads, out of 688, in two selected villages of Phulpur Upazila of Mymensingh District. The data were collected through personal interviewing by using a pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule during 10 September to 21 October, 2011. Correlation test was used to ascertain the relationships between the concerned variables. Data revealed that more than (52.9 percent) of the households were food secure and energy intake was 2122 kcal/person/day. On the contrary, 41.3 percent household were food insecure and consumed between 1805 and 2121 kcal/person/day and 5.8 percent households were severely food insecure and calorie intake was less than 1805 kcal/person/day. Farmers’ education, farm size, annual family income, annual household expenditure, decision making ability, extent of contact with information sources, usefulness of contact with information sources, mass media exposure and strategic behavior had significant positive relationships with their household food security status, while household size and dependency ratio had significant negative relationships with their household food security status.