Farmers’ Knowledge on Flood Coping Strategies: A Study in a Flood Prone Area of Munshiganj District
The objectives of the study were to determine and describe farmers’ knowledge on flood coping strategies and to explore the relationships between farmers’ selected characteristics with their knowledge on flood coping strategies. The study was carried out at Baultali and Surpara villages under Lauhajang upazila of Munshiganj district. Twenty percent of the population was randomly selected as the sample of the study. Data were collected from the sampled farmers using interview schedule in October, 2010. Farmers’ knowledge on flood coping strategies was measured concerning four aspects such as crop, livestock, fisheries and non-farm livelihood activities following the revised bloom’s taxonomy technique. Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient (r) was used to ascertain the relationship between farmers’ selected characteristics and their knowledge on flood coping strategies. Farmers had moderate knowledge on crop aspect to cope with flood. They had very poor level of knowledge in case of livestock and fisheries aspects. About fourty five percent of the farmers fell in a low level knowledge category for non-farm livelihood aspect. Farmers got more score on practical aspects of knowledge (applying, evaluating) on flood coping than theoretical aspects (remembering, understanding). Except family size and annual family income all other selected characteristics of farmers had significant positive relationships with their knowledge on flood coping strategies.