Evaluating News Sources at a Time of COVID-19

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EWU Library has incorporated diversified tips from different platforms to help citizens for identifying disinformation, misinformation in the contemporary era of fake news, especially during the time of COVID-19. Misinformation and Disinformation are different things.
  • Misinformation = Incorrect or misleading information inadvertently sent in order to influence public opinion or obscure the truth.
  • Disinformation = False information deliberately and often covertly spread in order to influence public opinion or obscure the truth.
  • Both contribute to fake news, spread like wildfire across social platforms, pose a risk to brands and their audiences.  (Yonder-ai.com, 2020)
This is not an exhaustive list, it will be updating regularly. Please explore the following information and become information literate during this pandemic situation. If you have any queries in this regard, please let us know. Stay safe and connected!
 
How To Spot Fake News at a Time of COVID-19
IFLA (the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions) has created infographic on “How to Spot Fake News at the Time of COVID-19”.
Besides, IFLA has also created the following "How to Spot Fake News" infographic based on FactCheck.org's How to Spot Fake News report:
 
Evaluating News Stories and News Sources
The following "checklists" provide lists of criteria and questions to consider when assessing a news story:
  • The CRAAP Test (Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose)
    A list of questions designed to help evaluate information. The U. of Toronto at Mississauga Library has a handy graphic, along with a link to the original CRAAP Test.  
  • The P.R.O.V.E.N. Test for Evaluating Sources (Purpose, Relevance, Objectivity, Verifiability, Expertise, Newness)
    Designed to help determine if information sources are credible. Access via the Santa Barbara City Colledge Luria Library Real vs. Fake News Guide.
  • The Process of Establishing Integrity Checklist, by Dr. Susan Maret, Lecturer at the School of Information, San Jose State University, and Project Censored contributor.
    Designed to provide a "self-empowering and didactic path to finding trustworthy articles and sources of information."  Access via the Global Critical Media Literacy Project; direct link to the Checklist.  
Fact-Checking websites [This is not an exhaustive list]
  • The Reporters’ Lab is a center for journalism research in the Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University focus on fact-checking and do occasional research about trust in the news media and other topics. It is part of the DeWitt Wallace Center for Media & Democracy at the Sanford School. Their projects include: A guide to the world’s fact-checkers: maintain a database of fact-checking sites and publish an annual census.The Duke Tech & Check Cooperative, a two-year research project to automate fact-checking, funded by Knight Foundation, Facebook and Craig Newmark. Analysis about trends and advances in fact-checking, including articles written by their students, staff and faculty.
  • FactCheck.org: Fact-checking project created by nonpartisan, nonprofit Annenberg Public Policy Center in the United States.
  • RMIT Fact Check (Australian): Assesses the accuracy of claims made by politicians, advocacy groups, research bodies, public figures, and institutions.
  • FactsCan.ca: Self-described as an "independent and nonpartisan fact-checker on Canadian federal politics."  Established in 2015.  Not frequently updated (based on visits in January - March 2017).
  • Politifact: American site rate the accuracy of claims made by elected officials.
  • Snopes.com: Explicitly researches and debunks myths, fake news, rumours, and misinformation online.
  • Hoaxy: Provides visual representations of the spread and dissemination of fake news stories, created by Indiana University.
  • BS Detector: Browser plug-in for Chrome, Firefox, and Safari.
  • SurfSafe: Browser plug-in for Chrome.
  • PunditFact: A project of the Tampa Bay Times and the Poynter Institute, dedicated to checking the accuracy of claims by pundits, columnists, bloggers, political analysts, the hosts and guests of talk shows, and other members of the media.
  • TruthOrFiction: Get the truth about rumors, inspirational stories, virus warnings, hoaxes, scams, humorous tales, pleas for help, urban legends, prayer requests, calls to action, and other forwarded emails.
Verify Image:
The following tools to check for any digital changes:
  • FotoForensics: Identify parts of an image that may have been modified or “photoshopped”.
  • Google Reverse Image Search: Upload or use a URL image to check the content history or to see similar images on the web.
  • Google Street View:  Identifying the location of a suspicious photo or video is a crucial part of the verification process.
  • TinEye Reverse Image Search: Upload or enter an image URL to the search bar and see a list of related sites. Has plug-ins for your browser.