Evaluating News Sources at a Time of COVID-19

EWU Library has incorporated diversified tips from different platforms to help citizens for identifying disinformation, misinformation in the contemporary era of fake news, especially during the time of COVID-19. Misinformation and Disinformation are different things.
  • Misinformation = Incorrect or misleading information inadvertently sent in order to influence public opinion or obscure the truth.
  • Disinformation = False information deliberately and often covertly spread in order to influence public opinion or obscure the truth.
  • Both contribute to fake news, spread like wildfire across social platforms, pose a risk to brands and their audiences.  (Yonder-ai.com, 2020)
This is not an exhaustive list, it will be updating regularly. Please explore the following information and become information literate during this pandemic situation. If you have any queries in this regard, please let us know. Stay safe and be connected!
How To Spot Fake News at a Time of COVID-19
IFLA (the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions) has created infographic on “How to Spot Fake News at the Time of COVID-19”.
Besides, IFLA has also created the following "How to Spot Fake News" infographic based on FactCheck.org's How to Spot Fake News report:
Evaluating News Stories and News Sources
The following "checklists" provide lists of criteria and questions to consider when assessing a news story:
  • The CRAAP Test (Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose): A list of questions designed to help evaluate information. For details, click here: CRAAP Test.  
  • The P.R.O.V.E.N. Test for Evaluating Sources (Purpose, Relevance, Objectivity, Verifiability, Expertise, Newness) For details, click here: P.R.O.V.E.N. Test
  • The Process of Establishing Integrity Checklist, by Dr. Susan Maret, Lecturer at the School of Information, San Jose State University, and Project Censored contributor.
    Designed to provide a "self-empowering and didactic path to finding trustworthy articles and sources of information."  Access via the Global Critical Media Literacy Project; direct link to the Checklist.  
Fact-Checking websites [This is not an exhaustive list]
Verify Image:
The following tools to check for any digital changes:
  • FotoForensics: Identify parts of an image that may have been modified or “photoshopped”.
  • Google Reverse Image Search: Upload or use a URL image to check the content history or to see similar images on the web.
  • Google Street View:  Identifying the location of a suspicious photo or video is a crucial part of the verification process.
  • TinEye Reverse Image Search: Upload or enter an image URL to the search bar and see a list of related sites. Has plug-ins for your browser.
Factitious 2020 news game helps you to spot "Pandemic Misinformation"
To play this game, please visit the following link: http://factitious-pandemic.augamestudio.com/#/